What are three major differences between the Catholic and Orthodox churches?
Main Differences Between Catholic and Orthodox
- The liturgy of catholic churches includes Western rites and Eastern rites, while that of the Orthodox Church includes Byzantine rites.
- Both churches have seven sacraments; the catholic church’s sacrament includes penance while that of orthodox includes repentance.
What makes Orthodox Christianity different?
The Orthodox Church differs substantially from the other Churches in the way of life and worship, and in certain aspects of theology. The Holy Spirit is seen as present in and as the guide to the Church working through the whole body of the Church, as well as through priests and bishops.
Is Catholic church an Orthodox?
The Eastern Orthodox Church considers itself to be both orthodox and catholic. … In a Christian context, the Christian Church, as identified with the original church founded by Christ and his apostles, is said to be catholic (or universal) in regard to its union with Christ in faith.
Which came first Catholic or Orthodox?
Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all. The Orthodox represents the original Christian Church because they trace their bishops back to the five early patriarchates of Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople and Antioch.
Can you be both Catholic and Orthodox?
Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. … Because the Catholic Church respects their celebration of the Mass as a true sacrament, intercommunion with the Eastern Orthodox in “suitable circumstances and with Church authority” is both possible and encouraged.
Can Orthodox priests marry?
Under Orthodox rules, a celibate priest cannot marry after ordination, and a non-celibate priest cannot remarry and remain a priest, even if his wife dies, he said. Widowers who remain celibate can become bishops, but that’s happened just once.
Is Greek Orthodox the same as Catholic?
Greek Orthodox vs Roman Catholics
The difference between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholics is that for the Roman Catholics, the Pope is infallible and has complete authority over the churches whereas, in Greek Orthodox churches, the pope is not infallible.
What version of the Bible do Orthodox use?
The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.
Can a Catholic go to a Russian Orthodox Church?
Thus, a member of the Russian Orthodox Church attending the Divine Liturgy in a Greek Orthodox Church will be allowed to receive communion and vice versa but, although Protestants, non-Trinitarian Christians, or Catholics may otherwise fully participate in an Orthodox Divine Liturgy, they will be excluded from …
Why is Orthodox Easter different than Catholic?
The Catholic church uses the Gregorian calendar to determine their holidays, while the Orthodox Christians still use the Julian calendar—which means they celebrate the same holidays on different days. Red-dyed eggs sit on top of a loaf of Kulich, a traditional Orthodox Easter bread.
What are three causes of the great schism in Christianity?
The Three causes of the Great Schism in Christianity are:
- Dispute over the use of images in the church.
- The addition of the Latin word Filioque to the Nicene Creed.
- Dispute about who is the leader or head of the church.