What were Martin Luther’s actions?
His writings were responsible for fractionalizing the Catholic Church and sparking the Protestant Reformation. His central teachings, that the Bible is the central source of religious authority and that salvation is reached through faith and not deeds, shaped the core of Protestantism.
What was the biggest revolutionary uprising in Europe before the French Revolution quizlet?
The German peasants revolt, the biggest revolutionary uprising in Europe before the French Revolution, was suppressed, with crushing brutality.
What actions did Luther take in response to the church’s actions?
He rejected the Church doctrine that good deeds were necessary for salvation. He believed salvation was achieved through faith. 2. He upheld the Bible as the only source of religious truth and taught that the Bible’s words should dictate a person’s actions not the Church council or the pope.
Who was the most important person in the Reformation?
In the context of the Reformation, Martin Luther was the first reformer (sharing his views publicly in 1517), followed by people like Andreas Karlstadt and Philip Melanchthon at Wittenberg, who promptly joined the new movement.
What does the 95 theses say?
His “95 Theses,” which propounded two central beliefs—that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds—was to spark the Protestant Reformation.
Why did princes like Grandmaster Albert choose to break with the church?
By breaking with the church, Albert was able to seize the church assets within his territory, which bolstered his military might, and then allowed him to settle his war favorably.
What were Luther’s main complaints against the church?
Luther became increasingly angry about the clergy selling ‘indulgences’ – promised remission from punishments for sin, either for someone still living or for one who had died and was believed to be in purgatory. On 31 October 1517, he published his ’95 Theses’, attacking papal abuses and the sale of indulgences.
How did Martin Luther feel about indulgences?
Luther didn’t like the fact people could buy indulgences — or reduced punishment after death. … Joel Hodge, from ACU’s School of Theology, says the belief is that indulgences can reduce believers’ need for purification from the effects of sin in Purgatory before they can enter heaven.