What happened in Birmingham Alabama in 1963 and why was it important?
In 1963 the world turned its attention to Birmingham, Alabama as peaceful civil rights demonstrators faced police dogs and fire hoses in a battle for freedom and equality. Later that year four girls died in the bombing of Sixteenth Street Baptist Church.
Why did Martin Luther King Jr choose Birmingham?
Causes. In January 1963, Martin Luther King announced that he would lead a demonstration in Birmingham, Alabama. He chose Birmingham specifically as it was one of the most segregated cities in the USA. It was notorious for police brutality and the local Ku Klux Klan was one of the most violent.
Why did Birmingham become ground zero of the civil rights movement?
By 1960, Birmingham became Ground Zero for Confrontation in the Civil Rights Movement when a plummeting steel market and job loss played right into the hands of evildoers. The Klu Klux Klan (KKK) galvanized poor European Americans against African Americans and Jewish Americans.
What was the consequences of the Birmingham campaign?
By the time President Kennedy forced negotiations that ended segregation in Birmingham, the KKK began their bombing campaign. The most horrific impact of the campaign itself was the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing that killed four young girls in September of 1963.
What was the outcome of the demonstrations in Birmingham?
Despite the high cost, events in Birmingham helped galvanize national support for civil rights reform and contributed to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Why was Dr King in Alabama?
In 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and sent to jail because he and others were protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham, Alabama. A court had ordered that King could not hold protests in Birmingham.